The day of the new moon in the month of Purattasi is called the Mahalaya New Moon. It is also called Mahalaya Amavasai. The 16 days from the pre-Purattasi New Moon to the Prime Minister's day following the Mahalaya New Moon are called Mahalaya Patsam.
That is to say, this Mahalaya Patsam starts from the first day of the full moon, which falls before the Purattasi Amavasya. Mahalaya Paksham i.e. starting from today.
It is said that this Mahalaya Patsam is the time when the souls of the dead come to the planet with the permission of Dharmarajan from the world of Pitru and see his descendants and acquaintances. It is hoped that their souls will attain peace by performing Shirat and Darbhanam in memory of their ancestors during these 15 days apart from auspicious events. Even if you are not able to do it for 15 days, you will get the blessing of fasting on the day of the new moon only in memory of your ancestors and giving alms to the poor, the needy and the helpless elderly.
The Mahabharata story is said to be proof of this. Karna, who was selfless in charity, went to heaven after his death. As a result of his charitable deeds there, gold, silver and other gems were found in the mountains. But, he just didn’t have food to eat. This is the reason - despite all the donations he made, he did not only donate to settle the debts owed to his ancestors because he did not know who his recipients were during his lifetime. It is said in the Mahabharata that he returned to heaven after giving alms to the elderly and repaying the debts owed to his ancestors. With those 14 days, the last day of the new moon, including the day following it, is called Mahalaya Patsam for a total of 16 days.
On all days of Mahalaya Patsam, there are people who perform Shirdi and Darpanam. Those who do so will observe 16 days from the Prime Minister until the next day of the new moon. That is to say, it is our duty to send the Pitras who came to our house and stayed till the day of the new moon on the next day, the day after that, by performing Shirdi or Darbhanam and making their way to the Pitruloka. Although all the days of this Mahalaya Patsa are auspicious for the Pitras, there are certain special days. Mahabarani, Madhyashtami, Avitavanavami, Sanyastha Mahalayam, Kajachayai, Sastrahatha Mahalayam are mentioned in the Panchanga for a few days.
Emdarmarajan is the god of the star Parani. The day on which the birth star of Emdarmarajan, the lord of the Pitru world, joins the Mahalaya Patsa is called Mahaparani. It will come on Dwadasi Tithi. The monks are satisfied when they perform Shirdi on that day. The Sastrihatha Mahalaya Day, which falls on Chaturdasi Tithi, is a special day for those who have died in the process of death by weapon, death by accident or suicide.
We would have heard the saying ‘Give in Malayalam to the forgotten’. This sentence is misunderstood by many. That is to say, those who have forgotten to do the annual shraddha that comes to their mother or father every year, think that it is enough to prostrate in this Mahalaya month. This is so wrong, Parents must perform Shirdi every year on the day of their death.
Not only our parents who died in the days of Mahalaya Patsa but also another wife of the father, Sabathni Mata, great-grandfather, great-grandmother, uncle, aunt, uncle (mother's brother), aunt (mother's brother's wife), father's sister's aunt, her husband, mother's sister Siddhi, her husband, with her Born brother, his wife, sibling, her husband, his wife, her family's father-in-law, mother-in-law, nephew, an only child, daughter-in-law, daughter-in-law, groom, The teacher, the disciple, his master, the master, the friend, we know all the dead should be brought back to the memory of the word mixed with sesame water. They are called Kaaruneega Pithrukal.
We would have had food by hand for a day or so at the home of these compassionate patriarchs. We would have bought a mouthful of water and drank it. We often forget about them. This is the true meaning of burning up bad psychic imprints on the mind. The new moon, which comes every month, signifies the combination of the sun and the moon. The Mahalaya Amavasya is the new moon that comes when the Piturkaragan Sun and the Madurkaragan Moon unite in the Virgo zodiac which is considered to be the world of Vishnu.
Even those who forgot to worship their ancestor on the days of the new moon in other months and the occasion was not right, will be blessed to remove ancestral worship completely on the day of Mahalaya Amavasya in this Purattasi. Those who know through astrologers that there is Pithrudhosham in the horoscope will get rid of the dosham and get well on the day of Mahalaya Amavasya. During these 15 days of Mahalaya Patsam, the people of Pitruloka are satisfied by performing Shirdi or Darbhanam and giving alms to the needy.
Shastra says that the satisfaction of the patriarchs leads to perfect life, good health, pious offspring, immense wealth, and complete peace of mind. The benefits are immediately available if done by the sea. Pitrus have the power to block the gifts given by the deity. Fathers are our ancestors and we have to do it ourselves for them.
Srimathe Ramanujaya Namaha !!!
Srimathe Varavaramunaye Namaha!!!
Jai Sriman Narayana !!!